Conceptual Green House for Mars Mission
Aim of Project
Creating bioregenerative system which will provide nutrients to crew members for preventing radiation.
Crew members for long duration to Mars
*In this project Lund University Master Industrial Design Department had collaboration with University of Houston. During this collaboration we had many guest lecturers from Nasa.
Bioregenerative systems can help to terraform Mars
Deficiency by nutrient levels in frozen food
High cancer treats occur in high cosmic radiation
Many different type of hydroponic systems available for water efficiency and easy to grow plants
Brassica vegetables are anti-oxidant rich nutrient level foods, especially broccoli is suitable with the conditions of raising in winter and easy to grow in hydroponics
Circular forms and segmented surfaces more suitable for durability Mars’s extreme conditions
Experiment with microgreens and hydroponics
During the project, experiment with plants conducted in order to understand characteristics of hydroponics and microgreens. Results from hydroponics are positive and convenient to grow broccoli in hydroponics. However, first batch of microgreens had problem with mold. In second batch, there are two experiment started together. With paper germination did not started, with soil germination started partly and rest of all grow normally.
Placement of light fixtures and aeroponics
Placement of aeroponics
Placement of light fixtures
Automated aeroponic and microgreen system can start growing according to their harvesting time before crew members reach to Mars and start in different cycles.
1 vegetable can be eaten by 2 person per meal, aeroponic system can feed to 2 months for 6 crew members.
Aeroponics are one of the type of hydroponics, most efficient option for water usage and enables vertical usage for plants
Requires 12-16 hours light per day
Degree requirement is between 12-21 °C
Hydroponics enable growing different typle of plants in the same environment
Should be spray water on the roots
If there is no air flow mold happens, with this reason ventilators placed in front of the each boxes
Can be grown in the dark
Can be harvested in 7 days
Optimal degree is 20-25 °C
Microgreens nutrient levels higher 10 times more than vegetables
Aeroponic structures parts designed as rotating and moving horizontally for crew members to enable to reach every part.
2 photo plumbing collectors placed top of the dome to transfer light to indoor
Diameter of dome is 750 cm ø and height is 560 cm.
Supportive pack will reach to Mars 6 months before crew members landing and greenhouse will reach at the same time